Overview: Boston South Station is the anchor of the northern half of the NEC, serving Amtrak and eight lines on the busy MBTA commuter rail system. With over 320 daily trains, South Station serves some of the highest daily train volumes in North America – second only to New York Penn Station on the NEC. South Station is currently operating at capacity, creating a significant bottleneck and a major obstacle to increasing service. Due to limited space at the nearby Southampton Yard, trains are stored on station tracks, eating up the already scarce capacity. For passengers, the station’s tracks are exposed to the elements, forcing riders to travel through rain, snow, and cold temperatures to reach their trains.
MassDOT and MBTA are initiating planning on the Boston South Station Expansion Project. In 2010, the state was awarded a $35-million HSIPR grant to complete preliminary engineering and environmental analysis. The project is expected to dramatically increase capacity at the station. Plans may include new tracks and new passenger facilities, as well as additional storage space for MBTA trains. Improvements would build upon the station’s existing architectural legacy, creating a superior passenger experience and supporting the growth of MBTA and Amtrak service.